World Music Name__________________________
Study Guide: Japan
1. _____________________ is the general name for traditional music in Japan.
2. The voice, the _______________, and the __________________ seemed to share basic melody, but each performed the melody in a somewhat different fashion, rhythmically as well as melodically resulting in a texture that may be described as _________________.
3. Classify and describe the following primary Japanese instruments:
4. Since 1652, ________________ has been performed by adult males, as it still is today, and female roles are impersonated by male actors.
5. Kabuki has borrowed a lot from other types of theater, such as the classical __________ theater and the puppet theater ________________.
6. Describe some of the interesting features of a kabuki stage. How are these features utilized during a performance?
7. On-stage musicians in kabuki theater are called degatari. This group is divided functionally into two separate ensembles, called ___________________ (storytellers) and _________________________ (ensemble specializing in performing long songs).
8. The bunraku puppet, made of wood, is moved by _________ puppeteers who manipulate its arms, fingers, legs, body, head, eyes, mouth, and even eyebrows with extreme realism.
9. Exclusively an art of the ruling samurai class from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries,
__________, is a performance style of elegant simplicity and restraint with major themes of redemption of human suffering through the love of _________________.
10. _______________________ is the generic name for Japanese ensembles of flutes and drums.
11. List and describe the instruments used in noh theater:
12. Buddhism came to Japan in the _________ century from ________________________. By this time it was already a thousand years old and a highly developed religion.
13. Popular koto-and-vocal music of the Edo Period is known under the generic name of _____________.
14. The common instrumental koto ensemble today is called sankyoku, meaning trio, and consists of what three instruments?
15. Listen to the sokyoku audio track and describe how the musicians are creating a heterophonic texture?
16. _____________, meaning elegant or refined music, is the instrumental and choral music and dance that has been under the continual patronage of the imperial court for more than a thousand years. Influenced by the ancient music of ___________________________________, it has been carefully transmitted by generations of court musicians to the present day and is perhaps the __________________ ensemble music in the world.
17. Gagaku music, like most Japanese music that came after it, was conceived in an aesthetic scheme of introduction-exposition-denouement known as ___________________________.
Many Japanese cultural traits include ancient Chinese influences. Please discuss examples of Chinese influence that you have discovered in Japanese religious activities, theater, traditional music and instruments.
Your discussion post should be around 150 words (5 pts), cover all of the topic points (5 pts), and be submitted on time (5 pts). You are also required to respond to at least one of your fellow classmate’s posts (5pts), and give constructive feedback and/or pose questions that are relevant to the discussion topics. There are 20 points possible for this assignment.
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