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Week 10 Materials
|Food: Nutrients and Energy |
You are what you eat – literally. The foods you consume contain the nutrients and energy your body requires to function correctly. Deficiencies in the different classes of vital nutrients result in disease and decreased performance. In this module you will learn more about the importance and components of a healthy dietary pattern.
By the end of this module, you should be able to:
– Identify and explain the different types and functions of the major classes of macronutrients
– Identify and explain the different types and functions of the major classes of micronutrients
– Recognize the components of a healthy dietary pattern
– Explain the causes and consequences of the growing obesity epidemic
(Links to an external site.)
This 33-minute video gives an overview of the main nutrients in food: carbohydrates, fiber, lipids, protein, water, vitamins, and minerals.
The following are short (~5 minute) TED Ed videos about specific nutrients:
How Do Carbohydrates Impact Your Health? (Links to an external site.)
What is Fat? (Links to an external site.)
How Do Vitamins Work? (Links to an external site.)
What Would Happen If You Didn’t Drink Water? (Links to an external site.)
Macronutrients (USDA) (Links to an external site.)
This website provides general information on carbohydrates, proteins, fats and cholesterol, fiber, and water.
Micronutrients (USDA) (Links to an external site.)
This website provides general information on vitamins and minerals.
The Nutrition Source (Harvard University) (Links to an external site.)
This website provides great information on a variety of topics within nutrition.
U.S. Dietary Guidelines Scientific Report (Links to an external site.)
This is the Executive report from the U.S. Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee produced in early 2015. Every five years this committee reviews the current science on diet and nutrition and produces a synthesized recommendation report that is then used to create the official U.S. Dietary guidelines for Americans.
“The overall body of evidence examined by the 2015 DGAC identifies that a healthy dietary pattern is higher in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low- or non-fat dairy, seafood, legumes, and nuts; moderate in low- or non-fat dairy and alcohol (among adults); lower in red and processed meat; and low in sugar-sweetened foods and drinks and refined grains.