Write a 10 pages paper on machu picchu: planning for sustainability development. Many touristic attractions and the people indigenous to the area can benefit greatly from this type of travel and sightseeing, mainly in developing countries. The United Nations in collaboration with the World Tourism Organization adopted the “Sustainable Tourism – Eliminating Poverty (ST-EP)” initiative at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg (DSD, 2009). Not only is sustainable tourism important for local populations, but it is indeed necessary for the tourists themselves, who want to enjoy the adventures and the culture in these locations. Among its Latin American participants ST-EP projects, initiated in 2005, include countries like Peru, home to Machu Picchu (WTO, 2009).
“Inca architecture reveals itself here in all of its force with the titanic earthen works which multiplied the platforms, […] and literally sculpted the mountain whose cyclopean construction appears to be a prolongation of nature” (UNESCO, 1992). Spanish invaders that traveled to this part of the world never discovered Machu Picchu and the Inca`s that inhabited the area, lived, built, and died without experiencing any foreign invasions (AEDES, 1994). This, therefore, makes Machu Picchu a sacred site not only for enthusiastic travelers but also for academics such as archaeologists, anthropologists, and historians, both local and international, who want to study unadulterated Inca technology and culture. According to a report from the World Heritage Convention, people living around this site still do so in much the same way their Inca ancestors did, with llama as the major livestock and a diet based on potatoes, and maize. Surrounded by luscious forest, the area is also important for its content of flora and fauna (UNESCO, 1992).
Both public and private parties are involved in sustainable tourism in Peru. On the public side, the Ministry of Tourism and International Trade is in charge of the development and modification of touristic activities. Out of the&nbsp.seven government agencies involved in tourism, developing the infrastructure for all activities of touristic nature lies in the responsibility of the Ministry of the Presidency.
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